IX-D. Moralizing Texts
IX-9 Temptations of Odysseus (Ulysses)
Herrad of Landsberg, 12th century AD
Reproductions of a lost manuscript called the Hortus deliciarum, an illuminated encyclopedia. Reproductions based on tracings made in the early 19th century before the manuscript was destroyed by fire in 1870.
The Sirens (temptation) Making Music
Sirens (temptation) attacking Ulysses and his men
Sirens (temptation) defeated
IX-10 Ovide Moralisé: Apollo and the Muses
Late 14th-early 15th century AD
Apollo sits on a rock playing a harp. A spring flows from the rock to form a stream. The Muses bath in the stream. Nine magpies perch in trees, referencing the Pierides, nine sisters who challenged the muses to a singing competition and were turned into birds when defeated. An example of hubris.
IX-11 Ovide Moralisé: Europa riding the bull
14th century miniature illustration accompanying the story of the Rape of Europa in a copy of the Ovide Moralisé.