VI-A. Expressions of Mood
Above: Roman terracotta relief: Penelope, center figure. Compare pose.
VI-1 Penelope and Telemachus
Painting on a vase made in Athens in the middle of the fifth Century. A loom forms the background. On it is a partially woven cloth with a border of winged figures. At the right a woman sits resting her head on her right hand. At the left a young (beardless) man stands and addresses her.
VI-2 Death of the Niobids (Athens, ca. 470-450 BC)
Detail of painting on pot made in Athens by painting glossy black paint around figures left the color the clay. Artemis draws an arrow from her quiver while Apollo shoots at a figure whose elbow and foot can be seen at the right. Two children pierced by arrows lie dead or dying in the foreground. Another child runs off to the left.
VI-3 Niobid, end 5th century BC
Roman copy of Greek original.
VI-4 Niobe and her daughter
Statue in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. Roman copy of statue of Niobe holding her youngest daughter, from a group showing the slaughter of the Niobids.
VI-5 Death of Dirke
Roman fresco from Pompeii, House of the Vettii (1st century AD).
Roman copy of a Hellenistic original sculpture group.
Original probably 2nd century BC
VI-6 Flaying of Marsyas
Hellenistic marble sculpture, likely around 200 BC. Currently in the Louvre.
VI-7 Gods and Giants, Pergamon
Four slabs from the east frieze of the Great Altar. They show Athena (identified by her aegis and an inscription) grasping the head of a giant. The earth goddess Ge (identified by an inscription) rises out of the ground and looks on in distress. The winged figure of Nike flies forward to crown Athena. Much battered. Now in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin: ht. of frieze, 5.6 m.
Present reconstruction of the Great Altar of Pergamon in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.
VI-8 Polyphemus Group, Cave at Sperlonga
Reconstruction of Polyphemos group. The cyclops Polyphemos sprawls on the rock. Odysseus bounds upward, guiding the stake toward the eye in the middle of the cyclops' forehead. Two of his companions help to lift the stake, and a third reacts anxiously. The humans are about 2 m tall. Polyphemos is about 3.5 m tall. Found in pieces in the cave at Sperlonga, and reassembled in the local museum.
Onlooker at scene of Blinding of Plyphemus
Grotto with sculptural groups at the seacoast villa of Emperor Tiberius at Sperlonga on the west coast of Italy, first half 1st century AD
VI-9 Scylla Group, Cave at Sperlonga
Steersman clinging to stern of boat. Top of head broken away, but surviving fragment shows that Scylla has grabbed him by the hair. In this reconstruction, Odysseus stands quietly behind the struggling figure.