VIII. Late Antiquity
Late 3rd-early 4th century AD
VIII-2 Christ and Bellerophon mosaic, Hinton St. Mary
Detail of Christ
Detail of Bellerophon. A man rides a horse above a composite creature, with the body of a lion, a goat's head coming out of its back, and a snake tail: i.e., Bellerophon rides the winged horse Pegasus to kill the chimaera.
VIII-3 Bellerophon mosaic, Lullingstone
Detail of mosaic from the reception room of the villa at Lullingstone, England, laid when that room was rebuilt and redecorated in the Fourth Century. There were four roundels with four busts representing the Seasons: Winter (dark hooded cloak) Spring (bird on shoulder) and Fall (Grain-crowned) survive; Summer has been lost. in the middle, a man rides a winged horse, and holds lance he is directing toward the creature beneath him. It is a lion with a tiny goat head sprouting from its back, and a partly destroyed snake tail. All around these figures are sea creatures.
VIII-4 Europa and the Bull, Lullingstone
Central part of mosaic from dining room in the villa at Lullingstone, England as it was rebuilt and redecorated in the Fourth Century. Europa rides the bull over the dark sea. A cupid leads the way, and another pulls on the bull's tail. Over the picture are two lines of poor Latin verse saying that Juno (Jupiter's wife) would have ground for jealousy if she saw this scene.
VIII-5 Hercules in Garden
Fresco from Christian catacombs in Rome, 4th century AD.
Detail of Hercules in the Garden of the Hesperides. Scene painted to the right of Hercules with Cerberus.
Detail of Hercules and the Hydra. Scene painted to the left of Hercules with Cerberus.
VIII-6 The Projecta Casket, Equiline Treasure
Late 4th century AD
A box made of silver decorated with silver gilt. It measures 30 by 55 by 43 cm (roughly 12 by 22 by 17 inches). It was found together with over sixty more pieces, a total of over seventy pounds, of silver objects discovered in 1793 on the Esquiline Hill in Rome. They are known collectively as the Esquiline Treasure. It is now in the British Museum.
Top of the lid of Projecta's casket. Busts of a man and woman, probably Projecta and Secundus, in a wreath held by cupids. Silver and silver gilt.
Projecta's casket, detail of front of lid: Venus rides on a shell over the waves, looking in a mirror and arranging her hair. For more details, see picture of whole casket.
VIII-7 The Great Dish from the Mildenhall Treasure
VIII-8 Laocoön, Vatican Virgil
Laocoön and his sons attached by snakes (not visible here) as he sacrifices at an altar. Illustration from a manuscript of the Aeneid called the Vatican Virgil: Vergilius Vaticanus, Vat. lat. 3225. Paint on parchment. The manuscript is now incomplete. It is thought to have been made early in the Fourth Century.
VIII-9 Dido and Aeneas, Vatican Virgil
Persons and Events:
Horses of the Sun
Loves of Jupiter
Objects and Places:
Mosaic in house
Mosaic in tomb
Painting in tomb
Public religious space
Texts and Authors: